What Are Bone
Marrow Stem Cells?
The immature stem cells inside the bone marrow have the potential to develop into mature cells such as the cells of a muscle, vessel, cartilage or bone. Two of the main stem cells found in bone marrow include:
Hematopoietic stem cells give rise to the three classes of blood cells in circulation: white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. These cells drive tissue regeneration and create supportive circulation.
Mesenchymal stem cells also known as Marrow Stromal Cells have the capacity to form osteoblasts or bone structure, chondrocytes or cartilage, and myocytes or muscles.
The Healing Process
Bone marrow stem cells are the regenerative cells responsible for repair and rebuilding damaged tissue. The concentrated cells accelerate the healing process, promote strength, offer pain relief and improve overall function. The healing cascade can be active and take place over 4 to 6 weeks. A follow-up PRP procedure may be recommended if desired relief is not met.
Are There Any Risks?
Bone marrow extractions are safe procedures when conducted by a trained professional in a sterile environment. Complications are rare but include:
Treatment is in an outpatient setting. The actual extraction can take up to 10 minutes, but the entire process may take up to one hour.
How Long Is Recovery Time?
The majority of patients are able to return to usual activities within 1 to 2 days but some pain maybe felt for up to one week.
What To Expect
What To Expect
The area of extraction is locally numbed so pain is minimal. Bone marrow is extracted from the back of the patient’s pelvis or hipbone from an area called the posterior iliac crest. A suctioned syringe attached to a long needle is used to reach the posterior aspect of the hip, during which minimal discomfort is felt due to local anesthetic. The collected sample is gathered from multiple geographic regions within the iliac crest. This aspirate technique delivers a high concentration of cellular structures called CFU-F’s which hold a rich reservoir of therapeutic cells to reintroduce to the injured area.
Bone marrow is the soft spongy tissue that is found in the center of your bones. In adults, marrow in the large bones are the producing center of your red blood cells, white blood cells and plasma components. Since this is the location of production, immature forms of these cells called stem cells, will be found here.
Less side effects when compared to steroid injections or surgery